Diet for pancreatitis

Pancreatitis is a disease characterized by inflammation of the pancreas. In this disease, pancreatic enzymes damage the tissue of the pancreas itself. acute pancreatitis requires urgent treatment, and chronic pancreatitis regular maintenance therapy. The leading link on the list of such measures is the therapeutic diet. Its main goal is to prevent the overproduction of pancreatic enzymes by reducing the mechanical and chemical effects on the digestive organs.

steamed fish with vegetables for pancreatitis

General dietary rules

The success of a therapeutic diet depends not only on choosing the right diet, but also on following simple rules:

  • avoiding overeating. With a therapeutic diet, it is important to eat to satiety, but at the same time not allow the stomach to overflow;
  • fractional meals (5-6 times a day). It is important to eat evenly and follow a clear schedule. Under no circumstances should you starve all day and eat large portions at once. The diet must be divided into small portions, so that the body better absorbs food and the patient feels full throughout the day.
  • excluding too many cold or hot dishes. Cooked food should be slightly warmer than room temperature;
  • cooking in certain ways. In pancreatitis, solid foods and dishes with fried crust are excluded. It is better to give preference to grated or well-cooked food, as well as liquid and jelly. Also, instead of fried, you should eat boiled, baked or steamed.

What is recommended to avoid

Prohibited foods for pancreatitis include those that are difficult and long to digest, and which are also highly irritating to the digestive tract and, consequently, the pancreas:

  • rich soups and soups of meat, fish and mushrooms;
  • smoked sausages and smoked products in general;
  • Preserved foods and marinades;
  • fresh pastries and bread;
  • spinach, sorrel, garlic, radish, radish;
  • raw vegetables;
  • vinegar, mustard, pepper;
  • hot and spicy sauces and condiments;
  • alcohol, strong tea and coffee.

Such a list is generalized, it can be expanded with regard to the characteristics of the organism, the course of the disease, the form of pancreatitis (acute or chronic in remission), as well as the age and nutritional status of the patient.

What is recommended to eat

Despite the fact that the therapeutic diet for pancreatitis has a large number of prohibitions, the diet of permitted foods is very diverse:

  • lean meats and poultry, while they are cleaned of skin and tendons before use. It is recommended to make quenelle, cutlets and mashed potatoes, occasionally lean poultry in small pieces is also allowed;
  • lean fish. Cooked, steamed, in the form of chops and souffles;
  • dried bread made from premium flour, non-bread biscuits;
  • vegetarian soups and soups with mashed vegetables, mashed vegetable soups, soups with cooked cereals (semolina, rice, hercules) or finely chopped vegetables (potatoes, pumpkin, carrots);
  • low-fat low-fat cottage cheese and cottage cheese dishes (souffles, puddings, steamed cheesecakes, etc. ), milk - only as part of ready meals, low-fat sour milk drinks;
  • steamed or baked protein omelet, yolk consumption is allowed - no more than 1 pc. in one day;
  • cereals with milk and water, some cereals (semolina, buckwheat, oatmeal and oatmeal), cooked vermicelli are allowed;
  • only ready-made vegetables (steamed, cooked or baked): potatoes, cauliflower, beets and carrots;
  • ripe fruit in baked, cooked form, as well as in pickles, foams and jellies;
  • weak tea with lemon, sweet fruit and berry juices, rosehip decoction.